Official name: Canada
Capital: Ottawa
Largest city: Toronto
Area: 9.98 million sq km (3.9 million sq miles)
Population: 34.3 million (2011 Estimated)
Major language: English & French
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy:78 years (men), 83 years (women)
Monetary unit: 1 Canadian dollar = 100 cents
Gross National Income per capita: US $45,657
Internet TLD:ca
Dialing code: +1
Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest nations sharing its major part of its border with USA, with a high per-capita income, and it is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the G8.Education in Canada is world class but there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces of Canada. Secondary schooling in Canada could go up to Grade 11, 12 or 13. It plays host to more than 180,000 International students in any given year and the number is increasing each year. Canadian Institutes, charge lower tuition fees for international students than their counterparts in competing countries and at the same time, maintain excellent educational quality. However as the fees are more affordable, admissions are more competitive. International students can apply for their Permanent Residency which takes up to 15 to 18 months from within Canada. However they need to meet the minimum eligibility criteria of 67 Points.
Post-secondary education is offered by four types of educational institutions:

1. Universities

2. University Colleges

3. Community Colleges/Technical Institutes

4. Career Colleges


Canadian universities are largely public funded, and, as a result, offer consistently high quality education at lower tuition rates for international students than their counterparts in competing countries. They offer a broad range of courses and degrees from undergraduate to doctorate and also certificate and professional degrees.

University Colleges:

As a component of the Canadian university system, university colleges offer students a choice of either academic oriented university degree programmes or the more practical-oriented college diplomas and certificates. As a part of the Canadian college system, university colleges are distinguished by their strong student support services, small classes and strong campus environments. They also offer combined degree/diploma programmes and university transfer programmes.

Community colleges and technical institutes:

They typically have a more vocational-related curriculum, with small classes, off-campus course offerings, a greater ratio of laboratory space to class room space, and an interactive teaching style. The uniqueness of Canadian colleges lies in the combination of employer-centred curricula. These institutes have the primary function of responding to the training needs of business, industry, and public service sectors. Most colleges and technical institutes offer diplomas and certificates rather than degrees, however, more and more now grant degrees and applied degrees.

Technical/ Career College:

This is a privately owned and operated school with the main objective of preparing students for the job market after a short period of instruction. The emphasis at career colleges is on practical skills over a broad range of programmes. They specialize in such areas as business, computers, and secretarial skills. Although privately owned, these institutes are provincially approved and regulated, ensuring that programmes standards and quality are maintained.

The academic year usually starts in September and ends in May, and is normally divided into two semesters. Some institutes operate on a semester or trimester system and admit students in January and/or May as well as September. Many institutes offer a limited number of courses and special programmes during the summer session

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